The Nuclear power plants of Pakistan and India situated along the coastline are going to experience an adverse impact due to a massive Tsunami in the Northern Arabian Sea.
The prediction has been made in a study that also investigated the immediate danger possibly happen due to Tsunami and its impacts on Pakistan and India. It has been forecasted by the researchers that the Makran subduction zone will experience a 9-magnitude earthquake which would eventually cause a Tsunami in the Arabian Sea.
It has been advised to Pakistan and India to be aware of this impending threat while preparing for the hazard control and prevention.
The Karachi Nuclear Power Plant (KANUPP) in Pakistan is situated along the Arabian coastline, which produces 90 Mega-Watt electricity to the national grid.
The power generation capacity of KANUPP will increase with the completion of KANUPP-II in 2021, and KANUPP-III in 2022. Both the upcoming projects will increase the power generation capacity by 2200 MW. After the addition, KANUPP is assumed to be contributing 10% to the total power generation capacity of Pakistan.
Similarly, India has Tarapur Atomic Power Station (TAPS) and Kaiga Atomic Power Station (KAPS) along the Arabian coastline, which produces 1400 and 860MW of power respectively.
The reason why Nuclear Power Plants are installed along the coastline is that the plentiful seawater can be consumed in cooling the power plants.
The Director at Liu Institute of Global Issues, University of British Columbia, M.V. Ramana said that it is inevitable to save the power plants from any kind of accidents, many internal causes are involved, however, harms caused by natural disasters are severe and sometimes results in disabling the safety systems of power plants.
He further said that the construction of Nuclear Power Plants in the areas vulnerable to natural disasters is problematic.
In order to protect the nuclear reactors against such natural calamities, the building of high sea walls will help to provide protection. However, the cost will be increased heavily and the power plants will become less cost-efficient as compared to the other sources of power generation.
The disastrous Asian Tsunami killed over 250,000 people in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. The Tsunami was originated in the Andaman-Sumatra region in the larger Indian Ocean in 2004. In the same year, Madras Atomic Power Station (MAPS) situated in Tamil Nadu underwent a great loss due to overburden during Tsunami.